Euclidean Patterns in Non-Euclidean Tilings |
Epinet overlaps in part with international efforts to enumerate structures of interest to chemists, though we do not impose the usual topological or geometric constraints characteristic of atomic frameworks. The structures listed in our website therefore sample a different space of networks from those in related databases of specific appeal to chemists:
All four approaches overlap, but access networks in a different order and from different classes. Our surface–covering approach to enumerating periodic networks retains the efficiency of the 3D tiling approach and generates many of the same nets. However, our approach also generates:
Stephen Hyde has been exploring structure via triply periodic minimal surfaces for many years, since he worked with Sten Andersson and Kåre Larsson in Lund on structures of microporous zeolites and related covalent atomic frameworks and self–assembly of lipid–water liquid crystals. Indeed, the genesis of this database can be traced to that time, in a very incomplete paper exploring nets on triply periodic minimal surfaces: (S.T. Hyde and S. Andersson, “A systematic net description of saddle polyhedra and periodic minimal surfaces”, Z. Kristallogr., 168, 221–254, (1984).)
Further research by Stephen Hyde and Stuart Ramsden on molecular and atomic self–assembly, convinced them of the need for a fuller exploration the structural possibilities of 3D euclidean space, including polycontinuous spatial partitions (that generalise polyhedral cellular packings).
Exploration of structures and structural transitions via hyperbolic surface patterns remains — strangely enough — largely confined to solid state scientists. Our research into the hyperbolic crystallography of periodic minimal surfaces was stimulated by a paper by Sadoc and Charvolin (Acta Cryst. A45:10 (1989)).
The recent mathematical advances in tiling theory due to Andreas Dress and his former students Daniel Huson and Olaf Delgado–Friedrichs have provided the necessary tools to exhaustively enumerate surface reticulations. Further references are given on the references page.
Epinet has grown from these beginnings into a strongly collaborative effort made possible by the efforts of a group of Australian National University researchers described in the Epinet contacts and acknowledgements pages.
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